The evolution of smartphones has led to mobile and web applications being extensively used by people. The growth of mobile technology has allowed the developer community to evolve with their work and innovation.
Progressive Web Apps got introduced to develop the tools and frameworks that allow better application development with feasibility and improved performance.
PWA (Progressive Web App)
PWAs bring a more capable working and application loading experience than a native app. They can function offline and are easily discovered by a search engine.
Advantages of PWAs
- PWA is accessed through a browser, making it compatible with operating systems.
- PWA does not have to be installed in their smartphones.
- Technically, a PWA is a website, so one can rely on the power of SEO to boost its search rankings.
- It gives an app-like UI/UX, with offline functioning.
- Under PWAs all updates happen automatically.
Disadvantages of PWAs
- PWA utilizes more battery usage as it runs on web technologies not developed for the mobile environment.
- In terms of mobile technology compatibility, iOS does not fully support PWA features. However, it works with full functionality for Android OS.
Here are a few listed PWA frameworks:
- React-powered PWAs bring better flexible and scalable development.
- Deployment of the same code for native apps.
- The presence of virtual DOM brings higher rendering speed.
- Implementation becomes a bit hard due to non defined documentation.
- Due to the presence of JSX migration of the code from AngularJS is difficult.
- Implementation of the PWAs is easier for web apps.
- The code gets maintained by Google, which ensures smooth operations and support.
- CLI commands contribute to cut short the framework’s learning curve.
- Developers require sound knowledge for Typescript to use the PWAs development framework.
- AngularJS is a bit more complicated than other Progressive Web App frameworks.
Ionic is an open-source SDK that is used to develop hybrid mobile applications. It is built on Angular and Apache Cordova Progressive Web App frameworks.
Ionic became a good choice for PWA development because of its massive library of components for both Android and iOS platforms. The framework works on both the native and web code.
- Ionic comes up as an open-source module without any need for any cost of purchase, making the overall application development cost low.
- Ionic is easy to use for developers having familiarity with Web and Angular technologies.
- Ionic has an extensive library of plugins for accessing Pre-built APIs.
Regular and consistent updates require the reworking of the already existing PWAs might get a bit exhausting at times.
It brings the features such as ease of code, high-speed rendering, routing are involved in the development.
- VueJS allows additional packages for scaling up the app.
- The documentation eases the development process.
- Vue is ideal for building MVPs and smaller solutions.
- Used for complex and dynamic app development.
- Developers are still not very engaged with this framework.
- As not much development is taking place so, the support team on the same is less.
- Flexibility brings some problems too in dealing with the framework development.
An open-source PWA framework bought in by Microsoft, offering one of the fastest ways to develop responsive components for a web app for multiple devices and platforms. PWABuilder is followed by a big community of developers and also supports Android and iOS app development.
- The framework allows easier App development with its PWAs.
- The development process followed by the PWABuilder eases working capabilities.
- The generated PWA can be either downloaded or used in the web app architecture enhancement.
- More Flexibility brings in the issue for the implementation of the PWAs for Web Apps.
- The Automated features come as a risky addition making things harder.
Svelte is also a new component-based framework that holds its resemblance to Vue. Fundamentally it is written differently and is called a “reactive framework” by the developer community. Just like Vue, Svelte is presented with an MIT license. The latest version of Svelte was released in 2019.
- It brings a smaller bundle size and syntactic analysis for code execution.
- It holds versatility in enabling CSS along with various CSS PWA frameworks.
- The Svelte template includes the PWA package.
- It is a newly developed framework with negligible community support.
- The documentation is still under development.
- TypeScript is not supported yet.
An open-source web app framework. Developed by Google, it comprises a range of templates, PWA tools, and web components.
The use of HTML, JS, and JSS for code development makes it an independent framework. The Polymer framework is highly accessible and adaptable.
- Polymer APIs are easy to understand and implement.
- The documentation is well made and drafted to provide a simplified implementation.
- Polymer brings responsive layout, routing, and a full web app stack.
- Polymer does not come with an office IDE.
- It is yet not simplified for providing the capability of SEO.
- The Page loading time is high in comparison to the regular PWAs architecture.
The PWA is a powerful tool that is easing out the developer work and providing more functionalities for app development. The mentioned popular PWAs hold a significant value in leading future-based development in mobile and web applications.