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Tips on Choosing the Right Freezer for Your Medical and Lab Facility

Freezers are must-have assets for all laboratories and medical facilities to store sensitive items safely in low-temperature environments.

Freezer needs differ from facility to facility. While a research lab needs a freezer to provide a uniform temperature for sensitive biological items, a clinic may need it to preserve ice packs to treat patients with burns or muscle pain.

You will come across many freezer options. You need to make a choice depending on the unique needs of your lab or medical facility. Ensuring that you choose the right freezer as a wrong choice will prove dangerous and costly.

It is essential to choose the right freezer for your facility. Using the wrong freezer can have dangerous and costly repercussions. For instance, storing vaccines in fluctuating temperatures can destroy their effectiveness, which can be life-threatening.

What Makes a Lab and Medical Freezer Different?

Before you look at the different types of freezers, determine what makes them different. Do not make the mistake of equating household freezers with lab freezers as the latter are made to maintain stringent safety standards and are used in medical and lab environments.

Lab and medical freezers store temperature-sensitive items, like vaccines, sensitive research samples, medical chemicals, blood, plasma, and bone marrow.

Usually, such a freezer must meet the following requirements:

  • Maintain a consistent temperature
  • Alert the user if the freezer undergoes temperature fluctuations

Types of Freezers

Here we explain the qualities of different types of medical and lab freezers to enable you to choose the perfect one:

Upright Freezers

Upright freezers are the most prominent type suitable for use in various settings, like hospitals, pharmaceutical outlets, medical facilities, and research labs. These freezers bear shelving units that enable easy and effective sample organization easy and effective. Also, these freezers take up minimal floor space due to the upright design. These freezers come in different sizes ranging from small countertop freezers to large freezers. While the small freezers are ideal for small space facilities, the large ones are suitable for extensive facilities.

Undercounter Freezers

Undercounter freezers are small in size and are ideal for labs with limited floor space. These freezers are somewhat similar to upright freezers and fit easily into space. However, there is a downside too, and that is the considerable upfront installation cost.

Chest Freezers

Chest freezers are large, and hence they can provide massive storage space. These freezers are suitable for lab facilities that need to store large items in a single system. These freezers’ typical features include digital temperature displays, locks, and alarm systems to indicate temperature changes. Another remarkable feature is that it opens from the top rather than from the front. However, these freezers do not have shelving, so they are not suitable for facilities that need a high organization level.

Ultra-Low Freezers

Ultra-low temperature freezers provide extremely low temperatures of below -40 degrees Celcius. And some variants can provide temperatures as low as -86 degrees Celcius. These freezers are ideal for both research labs and medical facilities to store samples and drugs that require low-temperature environments. However, you will incur hefty electricity bills with such a freezer as it uses a significant amount of energy to maintain the low temperatures.

What Factors to Consider Before Buying?

It will help if you consider the following factors before you invest in a freezer that will help you choose the right one:

Capacity and Size

Figure out the storage capacity you need and the space that is available at your facility. If your facility space is more, you can consider a chest freezer and an upright freezer if your facility space is limited. However, it is a good idea to choose a large freezer as that will enable you to meet future needs.


Stuff, like samples, medications, and vaccines, require specific temperatures to retaining their value. Medical refrigerators provide precise temperatures sustainably and consistently. Therefore, choose a freezer that can cater to your temperature range need. For example, if you need a freezer for storing sensitive samples that require very low temperatures, then an ultra-low temperature freezer is the best option.


Figure out the features you are looking for in a freezer so that you can ideate its cost. Usually, small upright freezers, built-in models, and countertops units are less expensive than sizeable ultra-low temperature freezers. Also, check out your budget to understand your affordability of the freezer you want to buy.

Energy Efficiency

Usually, freezers are energy-intensive. But there is a way to lower energy consumption. Choose a freezer that is Energy Star Rated and manufacturers that stress energy efficiency.   


Consider features such as temperature control systems, warning systems, and shelves to suit your needs.


By now, you must have acquainted yourself with the ways of buying the right freezer for your lab or medical facility. As such, you can go ahead to buy the perfect freezer as per your needs.

Mila Jones is a Senior Business Consultant, with rich experience in the domains of technology consulting and strategy, she works with both established technology brands and market entrants to offer research inputs and insights on leveraging technology as a source of strategic competitive advantage. She is a prolific author and shares her expertise with tech enthusiasts on popular digital publishing platforms. She loves not only to write about several topics but also loves to explore new ideas about Lifestyle, Travel blogs and many more.

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