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Glaucoma: Detailed Overview and Common Symptoms

Glaucoma is a progressive eye condition that damages the optic nerve and results in vision loss. Some glaucoma can give you blurry side visions. But advanced glaucoma results in permanent vision loss. This is why proper treatment and early eye checkup should be done. 

One has to find an experienced ophthalmologist who treats glaucoma patients. You can learn more about such doctors from reliable online resources. 

What Causes Glaucoma?

The actual cause behind glaucoma is not always clear or known. But the only reason why glaucoma forms are the increase in eye pressure. The pressure increases as the clear fluid present in the eye does not drain properly. As this pressure starts to grow, it can lead to the damage of the optic nerve, resulting in permanent vision loss. 

Thus, it is necessary to treat glaucoma as early as possible under the supervision of the best glaucoma specialist in Delhi.

Types of Glaucoma

There are two main types of glaucoma that can form, and these are:

Open-angle Glaucoma- In this type of condition, the fluid channel gets disrupted, and the pressure increases. This is the most common type of glaucoma that can go unnoticed for years. By the time you find any symptoms, glaucoma may have already damaged your optic nerve. The best way to avoid this condition is to thoroughly check your eyes twice every year. 

Acute-angle Glaucoma– In this condition, the drainage passage gets narrower and eventually blocked over time. If diagnosed early, this glaucoma can be successfully treated with either medications or surgeries. 

Who Is At Risk Of Getting Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a condition that is common above the age of 40. But that does not mean every individual who is above 40 will develop glaucoma. Certain risk factors of glaucoma that one must be careful about are:

  • Family history of glaucoma
  • Diabetes
  • Certain medications
  • Eye trauma or injury

Glaucoma may occur in both eyes. But your one may be more affected than the other.

Symptoms of Glaucoma

Some of the major symptoms that you may notice if you have glaucoma are:

  • Pain is the most common symptom that you may notice. It can vary from slight discomfort to severe pain. This is followed by headache and strain to see things clearly. You experience too much pain when the internal pressure of the eye increases. In case you frequently experience pain in the eye, make sure to consult with an ophthalmologist immediately.
  • Your eyes may become reddish. 
  • You may see halos around the light.
  • Light sensitivity.
  • Double vision, tunnel vision and the problem with night vision.

When To See A Doctor?

As soon as you start to see any of the following symptoms, you should not delay a thorough eye check. If there is glaucoma or any other disorder, your test reports will reveal that. 

Glaucoma tests are not painful and they help your ophthalmologist to treat properly. If there is any damage to the optic nerve, it can be detected with the help of certain instruments. 

Best Treatment For Glaucoma

Medication may help in the primary stage of glaucoma to prevent the pressure from increasing. There are medicines that can lower the fluid pressure and increase the natural flow. 

But when glaucoma increases and progresses to the advanced stage. Surgery is the best possible treatment. 

One of the most successful ways of glaucoma treatment is laser therapy. Laser trabeculoplasty treats open-angle glaucoma. On the other hand, patients who have closed-angle glaucoma are treated with laser iridotomy.

It is important to understand your eye condition. A thorough eye health checkup is a necessity for at least once every year.

The eyes are among the most delicate organs of the body and are considered as one of the most major senses. Regardless of this, taking great consideration of our eyes is frequently overlooked, bringing about numerous individuals losing their sight and requiring glasses.

A general layman recognition about eye testing is that it is just for checking the intensity of the glasses we need. In any case, there is considerably more to a full eye assessment than visual acuity tests.

So, you must take care of your eyes. They are priceless. You must pay attention to the health of your eyes.

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